Friday, March 5, 2010

Birth of Art of Breeding

 Up to about 1770 these natural conditions and the introduction of new types by the means of conquest and migration were the chief factors in the development of distinct breeds. Beginning about 1770, a great interest was aroused in England in the improvement of the quality of cattle and other domestic animals of Great Britain. This exceedingly important movement known as the art of breeding seems to have started largely as the result of the work of Robert Bakewell. This pioneer in the art of breeding began active operations about 1760 and continued until his death in 1795. The activities of the Collings brothers in improving the Shorthorn breed, beginning about 1780, rank next to those of Bakewell in calling public attention to the possibilities of livestock improvement. The remarkable movement initiated by these men for the improvement of domestic animals spread over Great Britain and influenced the entire civilized world as well; the beginning of modern improved breeds is to be traced back to it.


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