Monday, March 8, 2010

The Bos primigenius Type

 This type originally was an immense, powerful animal, standing six to seven feet high at the withers (the ridge between the shoulder bones). The horns were long and slender, curving forward near the middle and ending with the points slightly upwards. This animal was apparently domesticated in northern Europe. From it are descended the cattle of Holland and other parts of North Europe.
 The most fundamental difference between the two original forms of cattle was the shape of the skull, and this difference is still evident in modern breeds. The Bos primigenius was characterized by a long, narrow head. This type of skull is well illustrated by the modern Holstein, whose long narrow head is taken to indicate descent from the original long, narrow form. The remains of the Bos longifrons, or the sondaicus type, show a broad short head, which characteristic is best illustrated by the short broad head of the typical Jersey.


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